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Information on Cannabis

Cannabis vs HEMP - The Debate Continues Messages in this topic - RSS

Den Mann
Den Mann
Posts: 56

Den Mann
Den Mann
Posts: 56
This is an entry in Wikipedia:
The genus Cannabis was formerly placed in the Nettle (Urticaceae) or Mulberry (Moraceae) family, and later, along with the Humulus genus (hops), in a separate family, the Hemp family (Cannabaceae sensu stricto).[21] Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former Celtidaceae family, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato.

Various types of Cannabis have been described, and variously classified as species, subspecies, or varieties:

plants cultivated for fiber and seed production, described as low-intoxicant, non-drug, or fiber types.
plants cultivated for drug production, described as high-intoxicant or drug types.
escaped, hybridised, or wild forms of either of the above types.

Cannabis plants produce a unique family of terpeno-phenolic compounds called cannabinoids, some of which produce the "high" which may be experienced from consuming marijuana. There are 483 identifiable chemical constituents known to exist in the cannabis plant,and at least 85 different cannabinoids have been isolated from the plant. The two cannabinoids usually produced in greatest abundance are cannabidiol (CBD) and/or Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), but only THC is psychoactive.Since the early 1970s, Cannabis plants have been categorized by their chemical phenotype or "chemotype", based on the overall amount of THC produced, and on the ratio of THC to CBD. Although overall cannabinoid production is influenced by environmental factors, the THC/CBD ratio is genetically determined and remains fixed throughout the life of a plant. Non-drug plants produce relatively low levels of THC and high levels of CBD, while drug plants produce high levels of THC and low levels of CBD. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermedite amounts of CBD and THC. Female plants of this chemotype may produce enough THC to be utilized for drug production.

Whether the drug and non-drug, cultivated and wild types of Cannabis constitute a single, highly variable species, or the genus is polytypic with more than one species, has been a subject of debate for well over two centuries. This is a contentious issue because there is no universally accepted definition of a species. One widely applied criterion for species recognition is that species are "groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are re-productively isolated from other such groups."[32] Populations that are physiologically capable of interbreeding, but morphologically or genetically divergent and isolated by geography or ecology, are sometimes considered to be separate species. Physiological barriers to reproduction are not known to occur within Cannabis, and plants from widely divergent sources are interfertile. However, physical barriers to gene exchange (such as the Himalayan mountain range) might have enabled Cannabis gene pools to diverge before the onset of human intervention, resulting in speciation. It remains controversial whether sufficient morphological and genetic divergence occurs within the genus as a result of geographical or ecological isolation to justify recognition of more than one species.

From this information we can see that Cannabis was initially the ONLY designation for the plant, Regardless of how it appeared or what it produced. However we have since come upon many different definitions, but have also separated the phenotype's into separate distinctions:
It was initially classified as part of the Nettle / Mulberry family of plants. After more examination and other examples of different flowering/vegetative states, the desingation was separated again for Hops as well as Hemp. Hops is a Member of the same family of plants as Hemp and Cannabis Sativa/Indica.
Hemp is a part of the GENUS of Cannabis, and a close member (like a first cousin) to Cannabis sativa/Indica. However the plain statement of Hemp as a plant is further defined:
The term hemp is used to name the durable soft fiber from the Cannabis plant stem (stalk). Cannabis sativa cultivars are used for fibers due to their long stems; Sativa varieties may grow more than six metres tall. However, hemp can refer to any industrial or foodstuff product that is not intended for use as a drug. Many countries regulate limits for psychoactive compound (THC) concentrations in products labeled as hemp.

Therefore, Hemp is NOT Cannabis Sativa/Indica. It has been bred solely for the fibrous properties Hemp IS Cannabis, if you are looking at the Phenotype (the upper portion of the family tree, closest to the root of the tree in designation) Cannabis as a phenotype covers MANY other areas as we have already seen. So, theoretically you could manufacture a product using HOPS and Mulberry, and state *(Technically) "This product is derived from legal Cannabis " without being false in the statement. That does not mean it will function and react in the same manner as a product made from a true Cannabis Sativa/Indica plant.
When a company states "We use Cannabis to make our products" Read the fine print. CBD extract is good, however its not 'medicine' because CBD is found in MANY other plants. Cannabis Sativa/Indica varieties (Cannabis SI) produce CBD in conjunction with THC (CBDA and THCA respectively) and can ONLY be found in a true Cannabis SI plant. Not in the family of the plant, but the actual plant itself.
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